ON GOD SUBRAMANIAN.
In the Deepika of the October, page 84 the Vedanta interpretation of God Subramaniar is stated to be Atmagnana. The Siddhanta explanation of the God is as follows:-
Prior to creation the souls lie in their Kevala state, suffering from the effects of Mala – God's love is then excited and He wills to save them and manifests Himself as Sadasivanyanar with Isana, Thathpuruda, Agora, Vamadeva and Sadryojata as His 5 faces or Saktis in the spiritual or Arupa plane. In addition to these 5, He has also His Arul Sakti who is the root of all these and is known as Vinayagar. By the power of the 5 saktis, the 5 Moorthis – Sadasiva, Maheswara, Rudra, Vishnu and Brahma perform each one of the 5 functions in the 4 material planes and the one between the material and spiritual planes. These 5 murthis and the Arul Sakthi of God constitute Subramaniar. This is explained in the following lines of Thiruchendur Agaval:-
வாரணமுகவன், மலரோன், திருமால்,
வருத்தமியுருத்திரன், மகேசுரன், சதாசிவன்,
In Kantharkalivenba, this is referred to as follows:-
The Asura or Rakshasa confining the souls is the Mala – Vanavar is the soul which is a Vibbu in its real state and is made Anu by the Rakashasa or Mala. St. Thirumular speaks of God having sent out Subramaniar to kill the Asura as follows:-
The 6 material planes where the souls, by Thapas gain experience and wisdom step by steps, are known as 6 Adarahs. We have to pass through these planes before reaching the spiritual plane or Niradara. This is explained in Thiruvunthiar as follows:-
ஆதாரத்தாலே நிராதாரத்தே சென்று
விமலற் கிடமா தென்றுந்தீபற.
As we gain wisdom in these material planes with the help of the 6 deities collectively constituting Subramaniar, before we reach the feet of God in the spiritual plane, Subramaniar is stated by St. Thirumular as having been born or appeared before God who is His father:-
எந்தைபிரானுக் கிருமூன்று வட்டமாய்த்
தந்தைதன்முன்னே ஷண்முகன் தோன்றலாற்
கந்தன்சுவாமி கலந்தங் கிருத்தலான்
The twice three circles referred to are the 6 Adaras or planes with the 6 deities performing their functions there or Subramaniar.
In my Anda Pinda samathwamsakthi I have given an explanation of this.
The sounds of crackers used in the month of Aipasa denote the destruction of Asura or Mala and the illumination in the following months is the Gnana Joti resulting from the purification of the souls. The Sakthis of Subramaniar are Valliammai and Daivayanai. The former is said to have been born of a மான் and brought up by Vedars. This is Prakrithi one of the Sakthis of the Supreme Being – Daivayanai is said to be the daughter of Devendra and brought up by Ayiravatham. This is Bhindu Sakthi or Kundali or Pranava. That these two are the spouses of Subramaniar simply means that by means of these two Sakthis the God removes the Anavamala of the souls and imparts gnanam.
C. S. SUNDARAM MUDALIAR.